“;Градините на Кралицата”; или наричани още “;Caribbean Galapagos”; represent the third largest reef system in the world, ensuring close encounter with crocodiles, many species sharks and big fish.
Cuba is a destination designed for divers!
Diving in Jardines de la Reina is exciting on many levels. A wealth of marine species to pristine reefs, A great variety for even the most discriminating taste diving.
Furthermore, diving Gardens of the Queen's pretty easy. minimum currents, hot water an average temperature of 26 ° C to 29 ° C and an incredible visibility of 30 meters or more.
types of diving
Diving in the area is usually divided into two categories: diving with sharks and diving reefs. In this area you can dive with sharks on the type Silk, reef's, whales, hammerhead, carrion, leopard, Bulls sharks truly unforgettable underwater experience!
Sharks really are very diverse and popular in the region, but pristine reefs are also not to be underestimated. As the name suggests, в Градините на Кралицата се помещават значителна колекция от повечето видове корали и морски обитатели в света –; soft corals, sponges and sea fans.
fantastic interview, which will close to despondent underwater world of Cuba, one of the most pristine and vibrant coral reefs.
American reporter A. K. diving with marine biologist David Guggenheim, avoiding giant grouper and sharks, to explore this underwater oasis.
Коралните рифове често са наричани “;тропическите гори на океана”;. They are not only biologically diverse and stunningly beautiful, they are a source of food and income for nearly one billion people. They are also in danger. scientists estimate, that 25% of the world's reefs were killed and much of the rest is compromised. But there is one place in the Caribbean, което морските биолози описват като вид “;Underwater Paradise / Eden ", a coral reef, largely untouched by man. His real name translated is "Gardens of the Queen" and get permission to go there is not easy. Only specialized and licensed yachts have limited access to this area. It is located off the coast of Cuba and, as you probably already guessed, no direct flights.
Here is the story in the form of an interview about his experiences in the garden of the Queen
"Our first stop was Havana, crumbling capital of Cuba, where music fills the air, old car seems to run forever and the only ads, you see, They are for the revolution.
place, which then goes back in time. I recommend to spend a few days, for each, who wants to touch Cuban understanding of life, passion and control.
Hence travel six hours in the countryside, then took another boat six hours, until we reached a small island, 50 miles from the southern coast of Cuba. The islands are separated and retained all edtestvenata medium mangroves and sand bars. The only inhabitants, who greeted us: hermit crabs and iguanas. They seemed indifferent to our arrival.
Christopher Columbus за пръв път открива тази област и дава името “;Градините на кралицата”; naming her to the Queen Isabella, but real gardens, he probably never seen ... to these underwater.
D G: This is really the most incredibly well protected and thriving reef, I have ever seen.
We dive with David Guggenheim, американски морски биолог и старши сътрудник във Фондация “;Океан”; Washington, DS.
D: Corals are in excellent condition. The fish are varied and plentiful. There are predators, large groupers and sharks. This is the way, in which these ecosystems really should look.
Anderson Cooper: Considering, that much of the world's reefs have died here can be seen as a time capsule?
Gugyenkhaim: This is a living machine. And that's really an amazing opportunity to learn from her.
Dive using special masks for diving with us, we can talk underwater. Every time, When diving, we could see, that sharks circling our boat even before we.
David said, that we will not be worried and certainly hope, that is right.
The first thing, you notice this underwater Paradise, are coral. Such color and texture. Coral is not rock or plant. These are colonies of tiny animals, having the same skeleton. This is a large and relatively rare form of columnar coral. These cosmic things are tentacles of thousands of individual animals, which removed microscopic plankton from the water. Coral is one of the oldest living animals on the planet. scientists say, that is 4000 years old, older than the tallest redwood (mahogany)
this, making Koralska reefs so important, it is, they are home to a wide variety of fish. Some come here for shelter from predators. Others come here, to eat.
Cooper: I dive in many places around the world and I've never seen so many big fish.
Gugyenkhaim: when we say, that coral reefs are the forests of the ocean, We talk about the diversity of life.
The links between these animals. The fact, that corals are home to small fish, which in turn attract large fish. Here right now some of these small shrimp walking into the mouth of grouper and clean parasites. This is a very complex web of life.
Cooper: You look happy to see all these predators, all these sharks around.
Gugyenkhaim: They are a very important part of the ecosystem. And we have forgotten it, because their struggle is decreased by about 90% of the world's oceans over the past 50 years.
Cooper: Ninety percent of sharks have already been killed?
Gugyenkhaim: Ninety percent of sharks have disappeared from the planet now with other predators such as tuna and swordfish, these predators, who just love to eat.
other predators, which is under threat, a goliath grouper. But in the gardens of the Queen he was sitting comfortably and you can view it. There are 70 kg individuals and show no fear.
Cooper: It is amazing how this curious grouper. Just coming and watching you right in the eye. David, Have you seen such a big grouper elsewhere?
Gugyenkhaim: never, never in my life. This is a critically endangered species.
The only type, David who wishes not to see, flourished in the gardens of Queen's "Lion" or lion fish or another zebrafish. She was brought here accidentally by man and have poisonous spines and has no natural enemies.
Gugyenkhaim: Lion fish are beautiful fish. The problem is, place and not here. It belongs in the Pacific. Characterized by a voracious appetite and given, that no enemies threatens reefs system.
David Guggenheim works with Fabian Pina, Cuban marine biologist. He leads a team, who studied the reef for the Cuban Ministry of Science. Already we have identified seven species of marine life, they believe are new to science.
Cooper: We saw grouper of 100kg. Is this it the largest grouper, who is here?
Pina: E, not. We saw more than this. We have seen a pattern of goliath grouper as 140 kg, 200 kg.
Cooper: 200 kg?
Pina: Yes. It's like a small car.
The office of Fabian Pina is little more than a shack, built on stilts in the water. He began to explain why he liked to work so much, when we were interrupted by one of his neighbors.
Cooper: Wow, did you see that?
Pina: This is great, Yes.
Cuper to the operator of the camera: Captured Does this? Nobody was able to shoot it! Huge bird dove …; It was awesome.
Fabian told us, there are crocodiles?
Pina: Yes. Yes. So this is the only place, where you can see your porch like an animal. So it's great.
This is wonderful and increasingly rare. Only after you see a place like this, you can begin to fully appreciate tragedy, that happens elsewhere in the oceans.
Gugyenkhaim: I went to Veracruz, Mexico, and they told me about the greatness of Verakruzskite reefs. And when we got there, we saw, that 95% of this reef died quickly and died the last time, when scientists were there. And I felt, as if passing through a magnificent civilization city, who once had stood there, but was burned. Nobody was there.
scientists say, that the world's reefs They are affected by a complex combination of factors; including pollution, agricultural runoff, coastal development and overfishing. It turns out, the fish is essential for the health of the reef. Researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and other leading institutions are also very concerned about climate change, because they believe, Rising temperatures in the oceans causing process, наречен “;избелване”;, that weaken coral, converted in white and often die.
Cooper: Учените винаги използват термина “;криза”;. Is it really that bad, what happens under water?
Gugyenkhaim: Things are really so bad. we have already lost 25% of the world's coral reefs. And within 20 years we will lose another 25%.
The reason, why this reef is doing so well, Fabian Pina, it is, that it is far from the mainland and well protected.
In 1996. government Fidel Castro, also diver, turned this area into one of the largest marine reserves in the Caribbean. Almost all commercial fishing was banned. Since then, the study of Fabian Pina shows, the number of fish has increased dramatically.
Cooper: How increased fish populations?
Pina: Between 30 and 50 percent.
Cooper: 50 percent?
Pina: Yes, this is a huge number.
Fabian and David have noticed some izbelnyavane here, but coral tends to recover after a few months, which leads them to wonder if there is something special about this reef, making it more resistant to threats.
Gugyenkhaim: Perhaps this is so, because this ecosystem is protected, and this makes it more sustainable. This is one of the theories, that if we do this, we locally, these reefs have a greater chance of being resistant to it, what is happening globally.
Cooper: So something here holds the secret of the mystery, to find out how to save these other reefs and bring them back in some cases.
Gugyenkhaim: That's what I think.
Tourism here is strictly regulated. About 500 fishermen and 1,000 divers are allowed to come every year, and fishermen should release their catch.
Andres Jimenez helps manage the only place, където може да се отседне тук –; a handful of boats, managed by the company, named Avalon. This is a joint venture between the Cuban government and the Italian company and employs many former fishermen and their families, enabling them to preserve the area and to keep commercial boats.
Cooper: If it had commercial fishing here?
Jimenez: If there were commercial fishing or just, that if we were not here, to protect and take care of the entire area, everything would be run over very quickly. There is no way to keep it safe.
Cooper: Всички тези големи риби –; Всички тези …; all sharks, групери –;
Jimenez: Yes, акули и групери …;
Cooper: All big fish will disappear.
Jimenez: I will not for a moment.
Fish are not the only creatures, who enjoy protection. Crocodiles are free to hunt in shallow waters near the islands. Even these giant rodents, called jutia, sa fearless. Elsewhere in Cuba, They are served in a stew. Here one can not hunt them.
Jimenez: They feel very safe here, because we never cook one of these guys.
Andres wanted to show us how it looks reef at night. So that, with some anxiety, We dipped in the black water. The darkness was so complete, We feel like floating in space, but we found a lot of life on the seabed.
[Cooper: You see it. This is a large cancer.]
Cooper: At night you will find all kinds of sea creatures, that will never see the day this cancer right here, who quit in the middle of dinner.
Jimenez: Anderson, I want to show you this great eel here.
Змиорката изглежда не търсепе компания …; so we continued.
We spent several nights and days exploring the reef. Swimming through tunnels of live coral 3 meters below the surface.
We were so blizko to sharks, that so often tempted to touch them.
It takes some time, to adapt to the routine miracles in this place, but after a while even we started to feel like inhabitants of the reef.
Gugyenkhaim: I want to share with you something. I feel NATO teenager, when I'm at such a place and see it as live. I feel, I really hope.